- The traditional approach, used for centuries
|"Sage on the Stage"
Read, as needed
Student preparation before class: questionable (little motivation)
Student activity primarily after class, working on homework
Example: Introductory art which I audited for two semesters
- 8:00 am
- dim lights
- show slides
- (but I did much of the reading)
Lecture is Well Known to be Not Very Effective
Classic 1998 study by Hake for introductory physics:
Extensive data collection and analysis of 6542 students from 62
introductory physics courses
Conclusion 1: Lecture-based courses yield meager learning of physics concepts.
Conclusion 2: "48 courses ... which made substantial use of IE [interactive
engagement] achieved an average gain [of physics concepts] ... almost two
standard deviations ... above that of the traditional courses."
created 4 November 2017|
last revised 6 November 2017