Held Tuesday, September 7, 1999
- Definitions of intellectual property
- Proper use and citation
- Ownership of links
- Ownership of databases
- Citation exercise (Due Tuesday, September 14, 1999) (Only in printed
- Daily Handouts
- Judy Hunter, ``Exercise on Citation and Paraphrase''.
(Only available in printed form.)
- Borges, Jorge L. ``The Garden of Forking Paths''.
(Only available in printed form.)
- Our first football home game is Saturday, September 25. Come see
Sean play (at least a little bit).
- Billy Bragg and Freedy Johnston are playing Friday, September 10.
Get tickets in the forum today.
- Mr. Stone has added links to the front door pages for
Kevin, Ellen, Yasir, Sean, Marti, Adam, and Matt at
Please let him know if you object. Those of you who have not yet
public_html directories in the MathLAN
should do so soon.
- Sam will return comments on your papers at the end of class on
receive your grades in your weekly individual meetings. (You should,
of course, read your comments before those meetings.)
- I was sorry to see so few of you at convocation. I hope to see more
of you there in the weeks to come.
- Not all of you emailed us questions in advance. Please make sure to
do so on Wednesday.
- We're trying an experiment today: I'm only handout out the outline.
You should look for the assignments and the guide to grading online.
- As scholars, we care about ideas and those who create them.
- There are two key aspects
- The ideas people have created
- The words used to express those ideas
- When you use someone else's idea, you have a responsibility
to cite that person.
- Your readers need to be able to know which ideas are yours
and which you've taken from elsewhere.
- You lend creedence to claims by citing them.
- You show your own knowledge of the field by citing widely
(or is that ``wildly''?).
- In America (and in many other nations), we assign legal ownership
of creative works to people (and to companies, but that's another
- There are three kinds of ownership, for three different kinds of
- Copyright protects the expression of ideas, but not the ideas
- Nonetheless, good intellectual practice dictates that you
cite such ideas.
- Patent protects ideas
- Trademark protects symbols and phrases
- Congress originally instituted these laws to enhance the public good.
That is the members of congress believed that by giving ownership
to creators, they encouraged the creation of new works.
- The ultimate goal of these laws is serving society, not serving
- Limit to protection of creator's rights
- Historically, each expires after a set number of years.
- What does someone own?
- The right to make copies
- The right to make derivative works
- The right not to distribute (surprisingly)
- As in most political situations, wealthy corporations have
corrupted this intent.
- Newer copyright law gives much too much control to authors.
- Fair use (which is gradually eroding) says that copyrighted materials
can be used in ``appropriate'' settings for scholarship and teaching.
- There are no firm guidelines.
After ``tossing around'' some initial ideas and comments, we'll try
to follow our suggested discussion strategy of ``every comment must
continue the previous comment''. Rebecca will lead discussion.
- The law
- Copyright Protection ends 70 years after the author's death.
Does that mean the laws of ownership is applicable to the
general people after that?
- Copyright law is under constant revision, particularly in regard to the
Internet. What, if anything, can be done to make sure you are within
the law and not infringing upon the author's ownership?
- Should our actions be dictated by the law or by what we think is right?
- How can authors find out about all of the illegal uses of their works?
- When I write a paper for a class, who owns it? Is it the author, the
instructor, or the College? Does handing in a paper imply the handing
over of ownership? (Added after class.)
- Why don't more people take advantage of copyright law? To cite an example,
I never saw any kind of copyright notification on the Starr Report. For
that matter, did Starr actually own the report, or was it owned by the
government? He was working and writing for the purposes of the government,
so does that change the ownership of the Report?
(Added after class.)
- Fair use
- The reading stated that "as the difficulties and costs of obtaining
permission diminish, fair use should diminish too." As increasingly more
information is becoming available on the Internet, how will this affect
what is considered fair use in the educational environment?
- What uses of MP3 are and are not fair use?
- The Internet and copyright
If the Internet is so vast and the users so numerous, can copyright really
have a valid place in it?
- What will MP3 do to the music industry?
- How can security stop hackers from stealing credit-card numbers?
- How can companies who distribute trial software convince users
to pay for that software?
- General questions:
- Suppose Jane associates two nodes in a hypertext. Should she
own that association? What rights should she and others have?
- Is it ever invalid to link to another page?
- How about including another page as part of your page? (E.g.,
using frames or with image tags?)
- Can annotation systems violate copyright?
- Some more concrete examples
- Lo's Diary
- ``The Garden of Forking Paths'' as hypertext
- Nelson's example of the revised Shakespeare (p. 2/45).
Monday, 22 March 1999
- Created as a blank outline. (Can you tell
what I was doing during Spring break?)
Thursday, 2 September 1999
- Filled in some structure.
Monday, 6 September 1999
- Filled in some more structure. Added some questions from students.
Back to Technology: Representing Document Styles.
On to The Evolution of Writing.