Assignment 3
Due: Wednesday, 13 September 2017 by 10:30pm
Summary: In this assignment, you will explore some issues related to divideandconquer algorithms and asymptotic analysis.
Purpose: To enhance your understanding of divideandconquer algorithms. To give you practice with the master theorem and proof by induction.
Collaboration (code): You may discuss this assignment with anyone you like, provided you credit such discussion when you submit the assignment. You will learn more if you do most of the coding on your own, but you may choose to submit the code for the assignment as a pair or trio.
Collaboration (written): You may discuss this assignment with anyone you like, provided you credit such discussion when you submit the assignment. You will find that you learn the material better more if you follow initial design discussions in a group with individual writing. Each person should write up his, her, zir, or their own work and submit it individually.
Submitting (code): Create a tarball from your code and instructions for running code. Mail the tarball to your course instructor with a subject of CSC 301 Assignment 3 (Your Name). You should, of course, substitute your name in that subject.
Submitting (written): Turn in your work under my office door. While I would prefer that you use LaTeX, you may certainly do your work by hand. Make sure to include your name, course information, and date at the top of the page. If you use paper torn from a looseleaf notebook, make sure to remove or trim any lose edges.
Evaluation: We will primarily evaluate your work on its correctness (e.g., does it compute what it is supposed to; does it meet the requirements of the assignment); clarity (e.g., is it easy to read, is it well formatted and documented); and efficiency (e.g., does it achieve its goal quickly and with limited resources). These criteria will be modified, as appropriate, for written and coding assignments.
Warning: So that this assignment is a learning experience for everyone, we may spend class time publicly critiquing your work.
Part 1: The kthlargest algorithm

Look up the randomized kthlargest divideandconquer algorithm. This algorithm find the _k_th largest element of an array of numbers by repeatedly partitioning the array and then recursing on one of the two partititions.

Implement the simpler
median
procedure and try your solution on HackerRank at https://www.hackerrank.com/challenges/findthemedian. 
You will be implementing the generalized algorithm in C. Write a fairly comprehensive set of unit tests using
assert
to do the testing. 
Implement the algorithm in C.

Write a program that assesses the number of steps your algorithm takes by repeatedly running it on randomly generated arrays. You may, of course, have to extend the original algorithm to log procedure calls or number of times through a loop.
Part 2: Exploring recursive bounds
Find bounds for each of the following by using the master theorem.
 a.
T(n)
<=3T(n/3) + c*n^2
.  b.
T(n)
<=3T(n/3) + c*n
.  c.
T(n)
<=3T(n/3) + c
.  d.
T(n)
<=3T(n/5) + c*n^2
.  e.
T(n)
<=3T(n/5) + c*n
.  f.
T(n)
<=3T(n/5) + c)
.  g.
T(n)
<=9T(n/3) + c*n^2)
.  h.
T(n)
<=9T(n/3) + c*n)
.  i.
T(n)
<=9T(n/3) + c
.  j.
T(n)
<=T(2n/3) + c*n^2)
.  k.
T(n)
<=T(2n/3) + c*n
.  l.
T(n)
<=T(2n/3) + c
.
Part 3: Verifying results.
Prove the bounds of ac using induction on n.