Assigned: Thursday, January 29, 1998
Due: Tuesday, February 3, 1998
Summary. In this assignment, you will be creating hypertext documents. Along the way, you will learn how to use the editor on our workstations and to "publish" HTML documents.
Intent. This assignment is intended to give you experience writing and thinking about hypertext and in using our computers.
1. Prepare for Web Service
For better or for worse, whenever we work on the computer we tend to generate a large number of files. To organize our files, we often put them in folders or directories. Our HP workstations use a much less visual means of creating and manipulating these directories. In particular, you'll need to create a terminal window (using the thing that looks like a computer on the program bar) and type various commands into that window.
To create a new directory, type
% mkdir directory
(fill in the name of the directory; don't type the percent sign).
To start working in a new directory, type
% cd directory
To return to your home directory (the place in which you started
% cd ~
You can find the tilde in the upper left hand corner of the keyboard.
To begin this assignment, you'll need to make a
directory, put a sample HTML file in that
directory, and view the file.
% mkdir public_html
% cd public_html
% cp /home/rebelsky/Examples/index.html index.html
Examplesdirectory to a file named
index.htmlin the current directory.
Because these computers employ an overly-ambitious protection system,
the default is that neither your folders nor your files are readable.
You'll need to share them with the
share command, as well
as a related useful command in computerese. The next three commands
assume that you've already switched to your
% share .
% chmod uo_x ..You'll only need to type this once (I hope).
% share index.html
You should now be able to view that page as
2. Logically Annotating Texts
Pick a web document (the sample page you created above might be a good
start) and print it out. You can save paper by printing it in "two-up"
format (two smaller pages side-by-side on a normal page) if you enter
the following command in Netscape's "Print" dialog box:
/u2/rebelsky/bin/psnup -2 | lp
Circle the various components of the page and indicate the role or roles that they play in the document. For example, you might mark "title", "paragraph", "section title", or "program code".
3. Physically Annotating Texts
Print another copy of the same web document. Circle the pieces of text the look different and attempt to describe a few of them in terms of their appearance. You need not describe all the text on the page. However, you should attempt to describe as much of the text as you can. For example, "sans-serif font, approximately 12 point, aligned one inch from the left margin, left justified, ...".
4. Update a page
At this point, you'll need to learn how to use our standard editor, which is known as emacs. I will admit that I do not use emacs, but the editor I use is unusable by anyone except computing geeks and those who've spent weeks learning it.
Click on the pencil icon on your tool bar. After waiting a few minutes, you'll observe that a new application appears on your desktop. If you've used an editor on any computer, this should seem somewhat familiar to you.
Click on the Open icon. After a little while, you'll see
a window that allows you to select files. In the left-hand side of the
window you'll see a list of directories (probably only one). In the
right-hand side of the window, you'll see a list of files in the current
directory. To switch to a directory, click on the directory name with the
middle mouse button. To select a file, click on the file name with the
middle mouse button. You should select the
Read through the HTML, observing the various tags and making changes to customize your page. Don't spend too long customizing the page right now; your goals are to work on learning some HTML and on using the editor.
5. Build a Problem-Resolution Web
The hypertext nature of HTML makes it particularly attractive for reflecting on problem solving, as you can make documents that reflect different approaches to the same problem. Pick one or more problems that you've worked on recently and build a series of pages that guide the reader through various strategies for solving the problem. For example, in the first beans game you could list
Try to use some of the keywords in building the web. For example, if you hit a Stuck point, you might list sample questions to ask and provide separate links for each alternative.
Try to include at least ten pages in your web. You may work in groups of up to size four on this web, and need turn in only one web for the group (make sure to include all of your names).
Disclaimer Often, these pages were created "on the fly" with little, if any, proofreading. Any or all of the information on the pages may be incorrect. Please contact me if you notice errors.
Source text last modified Thu Jan 29 15:18:19 1998.
This page generated on Thu Apr 2 13:49:51 1998 by SiteWeaver.
Contact our webmaster at firstname.lastname@example.org